Any injury to the brain that deprives the brain of oxygen can lead to the death of brain cells, causing permanent damage. Anoxic brain Injury, hypoxic-anoxic injury (HAI), or cerebral hypoxia are all different terms that refer to injury to the brain due to partial or total lack of oxygen. Anoxic brain injuries can cause permanent brain damage that can lead to severe physical, cognitive, and behavioral disabilities—and can even lead to death. In this post, Chicago traumatic brain injury lawyer will discuss these types of injuries in detail.
Types of anoxic brain injuries
There are four different types of anoxic brain injuries; however, each of the four types can lead to similar debilitating damages to the brain.
- Anemic anoxia – Anemic anoxia occurs when blood with depleted levels of oxygen reach the brain thwarting the brain’s ability to perform vital functions due to the absence of oxygen. Anemic anoxia is often an outcome of lung diseases where the lungs cannot process enough oxygen leading to a slow deterioration. Conditions such as chronic anemia and acute hemorrhage can cause anemic anoxia.
- Toxic Anoxia – When the levels of toxins in the body prevent the body and the brain from processing sufficient oxygen, toxic anoxia occurs. Poisoning due to carbon monoxide can cause toxic anoxia.
- Stagnant anoxia – Stagnant anoxia also known as hypoxic ischemic injury (HII) are caused when internal conditions like arrhythmia, cardiac arrest or stroke prevent sufficient oxygen-rich blood to the brain.
- Anoxic anoxia – Anoxic anoxia often happens at high altitudes. It is a type of anoxia when there isn’t sufficient oxygen in the air for the body to process.
Causes of anoxia
Some of the common causes of anoxic brain injuries are respiratory and cardiac arrests, electric shocks, arrhythmias, carbon monoxide, drowning, poisoning, choking, illegal drug usage, respiratory conditions where the brain is depleted of oxygen, etc.
Symptoms of anoxia
Unconsciousness and a state of coma are probable indicators, yet not necessarily indicative of anoxia.
Anoxic brain injuries are diagnosed by way of MRI’s, CT Scans, EEG’s and blood tests. The type and the extent of injury along with the type of symptoms—physical, cognitive, or behavioral—often occur post regaining consciousness, or while in a partial conscious state, determine the extent of damage that the anoxia has caused.
Treatment and Prognosis
Often, the symptoms that determine anoxia are so wide-ranging that good prognosis post treatment for victims of anoxic brain injuries is difficult. Prognosis also depends on the extent of the brain damage that has occurred, the part of the brain that has been injured, the time the victim spent unconscious or in a comatose state, and the amount of normal functionality an individual regains within the first month of treatment.
Treatment of anoxic brain injury depends on the condition that has caused it. Medical practitioners’ first try to stabilize the condition that caused the anoxia, and simultaneously, they start treatments to reduce the effects of the anoxia. Once the patient is out of immediate life-threatening danger, they will recommend therapies depending upon the symptoms that follow.
Hiring a brain injury lawyer
Victims of brain injuries like anoxia have to undergo a number of therapies and treatments spanning a long time. Moreover, if the brain injury has been caused due to an accident, other damages, loss of wages, and other expenses have to be borne by the victim and the family. Therefore, it’s essential that victims of traumatic brain Injuries like anoxia contact a Chicago traumatic brain injury attorney and seek legal assistance.