A traumatic brain injury can lead to communication difficulties.
According to the Mayo clinic, traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when an external mechanical force causes brain dysfunction. It usually results from a violent blow or jolt to the head or body or a penetrating object. A TBI can vary in severity and symptoms, including decreased coordination or dizziness. TBIs also affect communication and cognition. If your child has suffered a TBI and is having communication difficulties, he or she may need treatment from medical professionals including doctors, physical therapists, speech language therapists, neuropsychologists, and occupational therapists.
Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries
- Penetrating injury – A foreign object penetrates the brain and causes localized damage. The patient will experience a variety of symptoms depending on which part of the brain is damaged.
- Closed head injury – The patient suffers blood clots, skull fractures, and lacerations due to the force of an external trauma. A child who hits his or her head on a stair may suffer a closed head injury. Closed head injuries can also lead to secondary brain damage due to complications such as brain swelling and intracranial pressure.
Traumatic Brain Injuries and Speech Difficulties
Some children who suffer a TBI may have difficulty producing speech and may have difficulty with phonation, sound production, and articulation. Some children may also have abnormal breathing patterns that can affect speech quality or produce speech that is excessively breathy or labored.
A child with a TBI may also have dysfluent speech, meaning that the child repeats words, sounds, or syllables repeatedly. Weak oral motor muscles or problems controlling these muscles can lead to dysarthria, resulting in slurred or slowed speech that may or may not be accompanied by poor articulation.
Traumatic Brain Injuries and Language Difficulties
A child may develop receptive language difficulties, or the ability to understand written and spoken language. A child can also develop expressive language difficulties, which refers to the child’s ability to use language to communicate. A child with TBI may display problems understanding figurative language, using vocabulary he or she already knows, and following directions. The child may be unable to maintain a conversation, may add irrelevant information, or frequently switch topics.
Chicago Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyer
If your child has suffered a traumatic brain injury because of a negligent person, speak to a Chicago traumatic brain injury lawyer to understand your legal rights. Call Willens Law Offices at (312) 957-4166 for a free consultation.