Fractures are a common injury reported in high velocity auto accidents.
Any bone in the body can become fractured due to the impact of a car crash, depending on where the person is located in the vehicle and where the impact is.
A skull fracture can occur if the car is crushed from the top. These types of fractures can also occur if the person is ejected from the car and lands on his or her head at some distance. Any part of the skull can get fractured, and in case of a depressed fracture, when the parts of the bone push on the brain tissue, the chances of a brain injury can become very high.
In a car accident, the person can also suffer fractures in the facial region – nose, cheekbones, orbit, mandible, and midface. Of these, midface fractures are considered the most serious of all, because they are often an indication of a serious injury elsewhere in the body. Facial fractures often leave permanent deformities.
Spinal fractures can occur anywhere from the base of the skull to the sacral area of the spine. If the fractures dislocate or swell, it can lead to disruption of the spinal cord. If the person suffers a spinal fracture that causes damage to the spinal cord, it can lead to quadriplegia. Spinal cord damage can also cause breathing difficulties and the person may require ventilator support. Damage in the thoracic spine region can cause paraplegia and bowel and bladder dysfunction. Lumbar spine fractures can cause bowel and bladder dysfunction.
Rib fractures are often a result of a serious accident. Particularly serious types of rib fractures are the ones that are displaced as they can puncture the lung and cause pneumothorax. In case of a penetrating wound, the person can also suffer compression of the lungs in the chest cavity. Another complication that can accompany a rib fracture is pneumonia.
Lower Extremity Fractures
When a person uses a foot to brace for the impact, a variety of fractures in the lower extremities can result, depending on the position of the leg and degree of force. The person can suffer hip fractures, midshaft femur fractures, knee fracture, and ankle and foot fractures.
Upper Extremity Fractures
It is common for a person to use the hands to brace for the impact, causing upper extremity fractures. The force of the impact on the outstretched arm can cause a fracture or dislocated shoulder.
If the victim is ejected from the car, it can cause a pelvic fracture. If the fracture is stable and the fragments are in place, then the person may only require pain management. However, in case of an unstable fracture, surgery may be required.
Speak With an Injury Attorney
If you have suffered injury in a car accident, you may be entitled to compensation for medical expenses, pain and suffering, and other expenses resulting from the injury. Talk with our Chicago car accident attorney from Willens Law Offices to learn about your legal options. Call us at (312) 957-4166.