If you have sustained a traumatic brain injury in an accident, you may require prolonged treatment and rehabilitation.
If you or someone close to you has suffered a traumatic brain injury (TBI) in an accident, it is important to understand the type and level of the injury. This will help you prepare better for the recovery process. The impact of a TBI on a victim depends on the level of the injury and the general health and age of the victim. Generally, TBI is classified into three levels. (Learn more – Signs to Look for with a Traumatic Brain Injury)
Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
Mild TBIs can be characterized by symptoms such as:
- nausea or vomiting
- memory and concentration difficulties
- sensory issues related to hearing, smell, and vision
- emotional problems
Moderate Traumatic Brain Injury
The patient of a moderate TBI may suffer the same symptoms as that of mild TBI. However, they are more severe and last longer. For example, memory problems may become worse over time and the patient may have difficulty remembering simple things.
Severe Traumatic Brain Injury
These injuries require hospitalization, therapy, and rehabilitation. The victim may have to live with permanent cognitive and physical disabilities. Over time, the patient may also develop long-term health complications such as Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease.
Types of TBI
- Concussion: A concussion is a mild form of TBI and may cause a victim to become unconscious for some time. Even if the victim remains conscious, he or she may become confused, disoriented, and dazed. If a person suffers a blow to the head in a car accident or fall, he or she should immediately see a doctor. Repeat concussions can cause dementia or lead to a degenerative disease known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy.
- Contusions: These injuries occur when the head suffers a direct impact. It is more like a bruise on the brain and the resulting swelling and bleeding is extremely dangerous. In case of a severe injury, surgery may be required to release pressure and maintain oxygen supply to the brain.
- Diffuse axonal injuries: Sudden and powerful movement of the head can cause diffuse axonal injuries. This injury often takes place in a car accident. Torn nerve tissues disrupt normal brain function and impact the chemical processes that allow normal functioning of the brain.
- Penetrating brain injuries: These are the most serious types of TBIs. When head trauma causes the skull to break, pieces of bone may penetrate the skull cavity and cause damage to the brain tissue. The tearing and rupture of the tissue and nerves in the brain can cause permanent disability or even death.
Chicago Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyer
If you have sustained a TBI in an accident, you may require prolonged treatment and rehabilitation. You and your family may be facing huge medical bills and other costs. If your injuries were caused by a negligent person, speak with a Chicago traumatic brain injury lawyer. Call Willens Law Offices at (312) 957-4166 for a free consultation.