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Infant Brain Injury

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Infant Brain Injury

If a brain injury to your baby is due to a doctor failing to respond correctly, diagnose a condition, or pay attention to a problem during and throughout birth, contact Willens Injury Law Offices.

Infant brain injury attorney

An infant brain injury at birth refers to an injury to a baby’s brain during labor and delivery or in the neonatal period. Infant brain injuries are commonly due to the negligence or malpractice of a doctor or health care professional. When a doctor doesn’t follow the accepted standard of care, the results can be devastating. The consequence of many infant brain injuries is some type of disability, and can range from mild to severe.  These disabilities often have a life-long impact on the child and robs them of the ability to lead a normal, active life.

Normal Brain Function

The physiological job of the brain is to receive information from the rest of the body, interpret that information, and then guide the body’s to reaction to it. Light, smell, sound, and pain are examples of input that the brain interprets. The brain aids in vital operations of the body, such as blood pressure, breathing, and the release of hormones.

The 3 major parts of the brain are the cerebellum, the cerebrum, and the brainstem. These large parts are then divided into smaller parts. Each part has a specific responsibility. For instance the brainstem can be broken down into 5 sections: midbrain, pons, medulla, basilar artery and the vertebral arteries. The brainstem is extremely important because it provides the nerve connections from the brain to the rest of the body. It regulates the functions of the lungs and heart and controls the central nervous system.

In the case of  a brain injury, knowing the location of the injury is important because the complications a child will face in the future can often be determined. Brain injuries that occur during or just after delivery are the leading cause of long-term neurological defects in children.

As soon as it is suspected that a brain injury has occurred, a brain-imaging test is performed, generally within the first 24 hours. Because an injury can change over the course of hours, days and weeks, it’s important to have continuous head-imaging tests done.

Causes of Infant Brain Injuries

There are a number of different ways a baby’s brain can be damaged during or just after birth. Thousands of babies are affected each year. Some of the causes of infant brain injuries include:

  • Maternal Infections – they are a common complication during birth. If a doctor fails to monitor, detect, or treat the infection, it can significantly increase the chance of an infant brain injury.
  • Jaundice – when there is a build up of bilirubin in a baby’s blood, jaundice can occur. If left untreated, the infant can develop kernicterus, a type of brain damage.
  • Physical trauma – such as a forceps extraction injury or excessive pulling of the baby
  • Lack of oxygen – there are 2 types, hypoxia and anoxia. Hypoxia is a deficiency of oxygen and anoxia is a total lack of oxygen. This can be due to umbilical cord problems, complications in the birth canal, blocked airways and placental abruption.

It is estimated that oxygen deprivation occurs in 4 out of 1,000 full-term births. There is a higher risk of oxygen deprivation for premature babies. After a baby is born, complications can arise if a baby fails to breath on their own. A physician has a very small window of time to work with before brain damage occurs. Even just a few minutes can lead to autism, impaired vision, and cerebral palsy.

Some causes of brain injuries are due to the way the brain developed in the first trimester of pregnancy. There could be a number of factors that affect the way a baby’s brain develops. If is a doctor fails to notice, monitor or treat any of these issues, they could possibly be found negligent.

Symptoms of Infant Brain Injuries

Many signs of a brain injury are evident just by looking at a baby when or just after he or she is born. However, these signs are not present in every baby that has a brain injury. Some of the common signs and symptoms include:

  • Low Apgar score
  • Exceptionally large forehead
  • Poor head position
  • Distorted facial features
  • Abnormal shape to the spine
  • Seizures
  • Stiffness in the neck
  • Problems with nursing or feeding
  • Excessively fussy or endless crying for no apparent reason

While these signs and symptoms may be present at birth, other brain injury symptoms may not be evident until the child is older. As the child develops, he or she may miss what is considered normal benchmarks in the developmental process. These may take as long as 4 or 5 years to become fully evident, although they are commonly noticed in the first few years of a child’s life.

Some of these symptoms include:

  • Memory and processing information difficulties
  • Problems developing language
  • Difficulties with attention and concentration
  • Issues with communication
  • Problems controlling bodily impulses
  • Missing developmental milestones

While some of these things may not be evident until some time passes, other instances of brain injury may manifest in more obvious ways, such as Asperger’s Syndrome and Autism.

Treatment and Prognosis for Infant Brain Injuries

Due to the broad spectrum of infant brain injuries, there is a broad spectrum in the way of treating them. Additionally, no two cases are the same, so what might be right for one baby or child, may not be entirely right for the other. Once a brain injury is detected, treatment consists of many different types of testing and methods of treatment.

Some of the treatments include:

  • Physical therapy
  • Surgery
  • Medication
  • Acute treatments
  • Rehabilitation

In some instances, these interventions will not correct the problem. The prognosis depends on the severity of the injury.

Causes of Infant Brain Hemorrhage

Brain hemorrhage or intracranial hemorrhage is a condition that can be caused by a birth injury due to various reasons. It is a medical emergency and should be treated immediately. An infant brain hemorrhage describes any severe bleeding in the brain. This can be caused by a stroke, which causes a blood vessel to burst and causes blood to flood the brain, leading to the death of brain cells.

Causes of Infant Brain Hemorrhage

  • head trauma
  • aneurysm
  • high blood pressure
  • amyloid angiopathy
  • blood vessel abnormalities
  • blood disorders
  • brain tumors
  • liver disease

If your child has suffered a brain hemorrhage due to a birth injury or medical malpractice, it may have been caused by various reasons including:

An infant’s skull and head are very fragile, so it is important for doctors to properly use tools such as vacuum extraction and forceps. Forceful or improper pulling when using these tools can cause permanent brain damage.

Symptoms of Brain Hemorrhage

It is much easier to recognize the symptoms of brain hemorrhage in an adult compared to an infant. Adults may show symptoms such as difficulty speaking, dizziness, severe headache, or change in vision. However, an infant cannot communicate any symptoms. An infant with brain hemorrhage may show symptoms such as lethargy, difficulty swallowing, loss of consciousness, weakness in an arm or leg, vomiting, and seizures.

Diagnosis of Infant Brain Hemorrhage

Tests such as CT scans and MRI are used to diagnose an infant brain hemorrhage. These scans can show exactly how the bleeding is affecting the cells and where the blood vessel has burst. Doctors can then decide to perform surgery to stop the hemorrhage and prevent the death of brain cells.

Infant Skull Fractures and Head Injuries

Infant skull fractures, bulges or head trauma, are generally minor and do not cause long term brain damage. However, the prognosis depends on the severity of the injury. Skull fractures or bulges can happen for a number of reasons during childbirth, and in many cases, these injuries are preventable.

If a birth injury to your baby is due to a doctor failing to respond correctly, diagnose a condition, or pay attention to a problem during and throughout birth, contact the experienced birth injury lawyers at Willens Injury Law Offices. Coping with the cost of a birth related injury can be devastating. This financial burden isn’t one you should have to carry.

Vacuum Extraction Injury

During a difficult or stressful delivery, doctors often use a vacuum extractor to help deliver the infant. Doctors often claim that the use of a vacuum extractor is safer compared to the use of traditional tools such as forceps, because no metal comes in contact with the baby. However, vacuum extraction can also lead to a variety of complications if not used properly.

To help deliver the infant, the mouth of the vacuum is place on the infant’s head. It must be placed exactly in the middle of the head, and the baby is then vacuumed out of the birth canal. Complications may arise because an infants skull is delicate. Injuries can occur if the vacuum is negligently placed on only one skull plate, or too much pressure is applied between the skull plates. This can cause the membranes between the brain and the skin to swell with blood. This condition is known as cephalohematoma. When this happens, a soft bulge is created, which can easily be identified. Vacuum extraction can also cause skull fractures that can be diagnosed with a CT scan or MRI scan.

Forceps Delivery Injury

While not as common as the vacuum extractor, forceps are still sometimes used. They can pose a risk of injury for a baby if used incorrectly. The use of forceps can cause skull fractures and brain damage, especially if the doctor applies too much pressure on the infant’s head.

Symptoms of Skull Fractures

A child who has suffered a skull fracture may exhibit a range of symptoms including infection, anemia and jaundice. If the a skull fracture is serious it can cause traumatic brain injury. In this case, the baby may also show signs of brain damage such as irritability, behavioral changes, and sensitivity to sound and light. The symptoms may not be as easily identifiable in infants as they are in adults.

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Infant brain injury attorney

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Our Personal Injury Lawyers Can Help You Navigate Your Injury Case

Willen’s Injury Law Offices’ Accident and Personal Injury Lawyers have varied and extensive experience with personal injury law, from both sides of the aisle, is a true asset for their clients. Our Chicago personal injury attorneys not only have years of litigation and negotiation experience working for victims of accidents or negligence, but they also have Matthew L. Willens’ background as a former insurance company executive. 

Additionally, another accident lawyer at the firm, David Baez, spent the first part of his career as a defense attorney who represented insurance companies. As the firm’s clients sometimes say, “It’s like they know the other side’s playbook!”

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Twenty-five years of success in personal injury and medical malpractice cases.


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Client Reviews

Willens Injury Law Offices was highly recommended by a friend. Upon my initial consultation, David was very friendly yet profesional. He was able to get a favorable result, I will definitely recommend him to my family and friends. Thank you!
Lucia R.
19:41 08 Apr 21
When I got into my accident in 2018, I was 18, I was scared and I didn’t know what to do. David worked with me and made sure I was taken care of all the way to the end. He fought for my case and made sure I got the settlement I deserved. Definitely will be recommending the Willens office to my friends and family .Thank you!!!!
Emmalee R.
19:51 23 Nov 20
I 100% back this firm. I was in an accident that caused me some injury that needed medical attention. I reached out to Willens Law Offices to assist since I noticed a large amount of overwhelmingly positive reviews. Believe all the positive ones!!This firm is very professional and helpful from the beginning to end. They look out for their clients, and do their best to achieve 100% client satisfaction. If you consult with them to help, you will not be unhappy at the end.I want to give a huge shoutout to David Baez who assisted my throughout the entire case. I highly recommend him and this firm.Please note, if you utilize them and don't hear back a lot during the case, don't be alarmed. They will reach out to you when the time is right. They are not neglecting you, they are working hard day in and day out to resolve your case.1 Million % recommended!!!!!
Michael R.
18:42 13 Jun 20
It's been over a year since I was involved in my car accident - everyone knows that is a very stressful time for the injured party. I considered going through the whole process on my own but I quickly realized the insurance company was NOT my friend. I reached out to Willens Law Offices, met Matt and the attorney that would be handling my claim, David Baez. David was excellent, I'm big on communication and anytime I texted David; sometimes ad nauseam, he would always respond quickly and professionally. I had a ton of questions, and David answered everyone of them to my satisfaction. I could not have asked for a better attorney to fight for me, I have extremely high expectations and they were exceeded consistently.
Edmond P.
15:33 28 Apr 20
Reliable, efficient, & informative. Personable yet professional, Willens office took care of my every last need & then some!!
Kyle M.
15:35 10 Apr 20
I got into a car accident a couple years back, I didn’t know what to do so I researched on Google then found Willens law office. At the time it was new to me but after they help me out, guided me, let me in the right path and I haven’t been happy here ever since because justice was served! Thank you Willens coming from the Herrera family
Jose H.
18:38 03 Apr 20
I had an accident injuries and based on google reviews I reached out to Willens Law Offices in Chicago. David Baez helped me with my case. He came to meet us and understood our case in detail and he guided me all the steps of the process. I had advices from friends that you are unnecessarily going after the process and nothing will happen. David made everything worthwhile and he gave right advice always which was right for my health and right for the case. He worked very hard on my case for 2 years collecting all the paperwork, talking to physicians and taking care of my case and making it in my favor. I was truly blessed by having David Baez handling my case who was extremely professional, great ethics and felt as my family with him. After the injuries and pain I was afraid to select one but my God made me select the right one. If anyone feel they need accident injuries lawyer then I will only recommend David Baez. Nobody will beat his hard work, professionalisms, ethics and perseverance and yet down to earth and honest. Thank you for everything you have done for me and blessings from my heart for his success.
Mamta S.
14:25 06 Mar 20
David A. Baez at Willens Law office has been fantastic to work with. Very professional, informative and responsive to all questions. Hopefully I don't get into another car accident but if so I will call the Willens Law Offices asap.
steve B.
17:33 10 Dec 19
The initial impressions I had of this place turned out to be false, and I am thankful that I am pursuing the case with Mr. Willens. He is pretty incredible at what he does.
Donald B.
08:05 27 Nov 19
I can only say good things about Mr. Willens. He was fantastic, Aside from his awesome expertise, he is very down to earth and make you feel like family! HE TRULY CARES! Always eager to help and make himself available at every point of time. Thank you Matt again for everything!
Arthur L.
10:27 25 Nov 19
Truly passionate about their clients. Professional and easy to work with.
Peter W.
11:01 22 Nov 19
I came across Willens Law Offices after searching endlessly for a law firm to represent me in my personal injury case. I was well accommodated and he made me feel at ease, you truly feel like he will go the extra mile for you from the moment you hand the case over to him until the very end. I highly recommend this firm to anyone looking for representation!
Edna S.
10:05 20 Nov 19
If I ever find myself needing another law firm I will not hesitate for a second to contact him!
Micheal E.
10:12 18 Nov 19
I was involved in a car accident and was having trouble getting compensated for the amount I felt I should get. I contacted Willens Law Offices through a referral, worked with David Baez and had a very good experience. They helped educate me on the process along with helping me get what I deserved. I would HIGHLY recommend contacting them if you are involved in an accident.
mohsin M.
19:38 15 Nov 19
His staff was always so nice and friendly and responded promptly if I ever had any questions. I'm very thankful to come across them and will highly recommend them!
Rodrick M.
10:04 15 Nov 19
I'm sending a special thanks to Matt for working patiently and closely with me regarding the status of my case till the end. I can't recommend him highly enough.
Randy D.
14:08 13 Nov 19
Throughout the process of the case, he did an exceptional job. The entire process was extremely smooth and the staff kept me up to date on the status of my case. I give him 5 stars as he is the best legal attorney there is in the greater Illinois area. He truly deserve it.
Regina B.
15:40 11 Nov 19
I just want to thank Mr. Willens for being extremely reliable and diligent. He was able to adequately answer all my questions and concerns. He settled my case rather quickly. I will definitely recommend him to friends and family.
Bernadette F.
15:43 08 Nov 19
I was involved in a bad accident with multiple cars and I was in a terrible shape. Matt Willens handled my case exceptionally. Everyone that helped was also great! he was detailed and clear in all our communication and he always made sure I was aware of everything that was going on throughout my whole case. Really helped me get through a rough time. I am 100% satisfied with the outcome of my case. If you need a good lawyer on your side, look no further!
Laura W.
14:49 06 Nov 19
Willens Law Office handled my accident and they were incredible! Matt drove all the way to see me and I could see he really cared. He handled my injury case from start to finish and I’m now rebuilding the part of my life that I lost. Thanks for your help.
Todd Z.
05:55 11 Oct 19
I was involved in an accident back in last year and was searching for an attorney who looked like I can trust. I found Matt Willens and I am thankful. I called him up just to get a feel for him as a person and I could tell right away that he truly cared, not only about me but my family too. To say that he fought for us would be an understatement. He was ready to go to trial! Luckily we settled and it was for more money than I imagined, especially after my initial talk with the insurance company. Thanks Matt!
Paula D.
13:14 10 Oct 19
Matt Willens went above and beyond for my case. I felt as though he cared more about me and my situation than he did himself and the time that he was required to spend on my case. I highly recommend using him.
Marci P.
13:24 03 Sep 19
It was great to work with this firm. They handled every piece of paperwork. David Baez handled my case. He kept me informed through the whole process and treated me like family. I highly recommend David and the entire firm.
John C.
14:42 16 Aug 19
Willens Law is a firm I trust in because they specialize in personal injury matters. I have had a wonderful experience with Matt WIllens personally and I can say he is pleasant to work with and communicates thoroughly with his clients. I would recommend Willens Law.
Grant V.
05:28 19 Jul 19
I’m rarely compelled to leave a review for anyone but I felt I needed to show my gratitude.From the first time I spoke with Matt Willens on the phone I actually felt like he was there for me, looking after my best interests and not his own. That’s rare in my experience.Matt is an absolute pro and I wouldn’t think to call or recommend anyone else if I or a loved one were injured in the future. Thanks Matt!
Kyle W.
04:16 19 Jul 19
When I first contacted Willens law office, I just wanted to make sure everyone was paid after I was rear ended and I wasn’t the one doing it. My correspondence was primarily with David, he was always patient when I was slow to get him information and ended up calling me with great news after almost a year of back and forth with the at-fault insurance company.I can’t thank David and the Willens law office enough.
Amanda H
18:36 14 Jun 19
Willens Law Office is GREAT! David handled my case. He made me feel like family. He explained everything in detail every step of the way. He fought to get the results that would best benefit me. David is a great attorney. Thanks David and the Willens Law Office family.
Michael S.
17:53 31 May 19
Willens Law came highly recommended after I was badly injured when hit by an out of control car. I in turn most highly recommend Willens Law based on my great experience over the past year and a half.I am very pleased with both the outcome of my case as well as the experience working with Matt Willens and David Baez throughout the process.I had no specific expectation regarding a case outcome, seeking only ‘the best outcome possible.’ I certainly believe my case outcome was a great outcome. And I strongly believe that outcome was a direct result of fantastic work done by Matt and David.From beginning to end Matt and David were great to work with. They did a great job setting expectations; explaining what was to happen, including the why and the how; guiding me through the steps I needed to take; and answering both my “need to know” and “just curious” questions. They were always extremely prompt and clear in their guidance and responses to me.A silver lining in a tough situation was working with Matt and David, both of whom I came to respect professionally and like personally. I do most highly recommend Willens Law to others who may need such services.
18:55 22 May 19
Willens Law Offices is simply the best!!! David handle my case , and was nothing but professional! He is the best at what he do!!!!!Every step of the way, I was informed of my case!!!Thanks again!!
cassandra J.
17:55 26 Mar 19
Great team, did me right, pleasurable experience.
Robert P.
03:34 21 Feb 19
David Baez was prompt and professional in answering all of my questions.
Richard D.
00:19 07 Feb 19
David Baez was very professional, helpful and always kept me informed about my case. David responded quickly to any questions I may of had. I highly recommend Willens Law Offices for any personal injury case. Thanks again David for all the great work you did.
21:39 06 Nov 18
After being in an Uber accident about a year ago, I reached out to Willens Law to assist me through the settlement process. I had the pleasure of working with David Baez. From the start he was very personable and professional. He was always willing to educate me on the process and made sure I understood each step before going forward. Even after receiving my settlement, David has been willing to assist with any questions related to my case. I would highly recommend Willens Law.
Madelyn D.
02:47 05 Oct 18
I reached out to Willens Law Offices following a car accident that my girlfriend and I were involved in, and we met with David Baez for an in-person consultation shortly after. David was very personable and knowledgeable, and gave us confidence and peace of mind in a situation where we felt initially felt completely overwhelmed. There were times when we felt the communication could have been more proactive, but David was always responsive when we felt the need to check-in, even if there were no significant updates on our case. The process took a little longer than anticipated, but David was honest, thorough, and professional throughout.Overall, great experience and I'd recommend to anyone in need. Thank you David!
Geoff B.
20:44 17 Sep 18
After I was injured, and after researching Chicago's best law firms, I found Willens Law and read their reviews. After meeting Matt, I retained their services, along with the special efforts of his Partner, David Baez.They handled my case in a professional, efficient manner, while keeping me regularly informed. We worked incredibly well together, and won a very nice settlement. You would be foolish not to consider Willens Law for your Counsel, as I did. I highly recommend them!Ed Dybas
Ed D.
21:26 07 Sep 18
We had a very positive experience and felt their representation was very effective.
Kent M.
22:43 29 Aug 18
Working with Willens Law was a pleasure. They were responsive and extremely pleasant whenever I had questions or concerns. In my case, I personally took a little longer than I should have to start the process on my end, but David was able to pickup on my delay and process my personal injury case in a timely manner. I would highly recommend Willens Law and David when looking for an attorney to represent you in a case.
Maggie O.
14:07 23 Jul 18
I had a tremendous experience with this law firm, and I would highly recommend them. I had a bicycle injury caused by a negligent Uber car, and when I was first doing research and calling law firms all over the Chicago area to find representation, Matt Willens himself returned my call personally within ten minutes. I found that to be a huge integrity move as every other firm I contacted had a lower level employee call me back. Nothing wrong with that per se, but to have the lawyer whose name is on the door personally return my call meant a hell of a lot to me and was ultimately why I decided to meet with them first.I made an appointment and met Mr. Willens and the fantastic young attorney David Baez in their offices and they were wonderful to deal with. They are down-to-earth, funny, intelligent, tenacious, capable, experienced lawyers who explained the entire process to me in a way I could understand and made me feel comfortable and confident, and we were off and running with my case.I work in a law firm and I know exactly how slowly the wheels of justice turn, and my case was settled in about half the time that these things normally take! Amazing results. Mr. Baez and his team were incredible throughout and kept me informed every step of the way, and negotiated a higher settlement number and a lower fee for the insurance company in the eleventh hour which meant more money in my pocket!! I wholeheartedly recommend this law firm for your personal injury case. They are highly skilled and I couldn't be happier. This organization is fantastic and they will produce results for you.
15:01 05 Jun 18
Matt has been there for us every step of the way. He, personally, has taken the time to answer all of our questions. We never feel like we are bothering him or pestering him. We have only experienced patience and professionalism from both Matt and his team.
Maribeth C.
15:45 03 May 18
David was very good at keeping me up to date with what was going on and helping with every step throughout the entire process. I could not have asked for better representation.
Jennifer B.
21:14 24 Apr 18
David Baez was an excellent representation of the Willens Law Office. He achieved my desired result along with keeping me updated during the entire process. Very fortunate to have him by my side - thank you David.
keith B.
19:29 20 Apr 18
Matt is an impressive attorney and person! Took on State Farm and won for me. Highly recommend Matt for PI cases.
Danielle B.
22:47 10 Apr 18
This Law firm has been very prompt and kind in dealing with my case. I would recommend this law firm to anyone who needs injury lawyers.
F Z.
22:45 10 Apr 18
I used Willens Law for a personal injury claim. Matt was knowledgeable and professional. He also responded quickly which I really appreciated. I would definitely recommend.
Robyn R.
21:44 29 Mar 18
After a bad auto accident, and months of rehab, Matt Willens and his staff worked with me as though they were part of my family. They were professional, courteous and looking out for my best interest during the entire legal process. I would highly recommend Willens Law Offices for any personal injury.
dan B.
19:27 25 Mar 18

What Types of Cases Can Personal Injury Lawyers Handle?

Injured in an Accident? Give Us a Call Today: (312)-957-4166

Do I Really Need a Personal Injury Attorney to Handle My Case?

You are not legally required to have a personal injury attorney to handle your injury claim. You could file all the necessary paperwork yourself and represent yourself in court. However, your chances of winning your case and getting the compensation you deserve are much higher if you hire an experienced personal injury lawyer.

Why You Shouldn't Settle Directly With An Insurance Company

Insurance providers will try to get you to settle quickly. In the midst of your crisis, they might offer you what seems like a large dollar amount. The problem is they rarely make an offer of settlement for the true full cost of your damages. Don’t be misled, hospital bills aren’t the only things for which you will need compensation. You also need to keep in mind the suffering and pain associated with your traumatic event. 

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Illinois Personal Injury FAQs

The Chicago personal injury lawyers of Willens Injury Law Offices respond to frequently asked questions related to personal injury, car accidents, medical malpractice, and workers’

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