According to the CDC, 80-90% of cerebral palsy cases are caused by congenital conditions.
Most disabilities and medical conditions are often connected to other conditions particularly in cases involving the brain. One such condition is cerebral palsy, which refers to a group of neuromuscular disorders that are a result of injury to the infant’s brain before, during or after birth. Cerebral palsy affects the cerebellum and some other parts of the brain, and is linked to various other medical conditions that affect the baby’s health and quality of life.
Conditions Associated with Cerebral Palsy
Almost 80-90% cases of cerebral palsy are caused by congenital conditions, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), and most brain injuries happen during pregnancy. There are several risk factors or medical conditions that are associated with cerebral palsy acquired before or during the birth. These include:
- Assisted reproductive technology (ART) infertility treatments
- Premature birth
- Multiple births
- Low birth weight
It is important to understand that the presence of these risk factors does not mean that the infant will have cerebral palsy. It simply means that if the risk factors are present the chances of occurrence become high. Some of the medical conditions that can lead to cerebral palsy include:
- Intracranial Hemorrhage – Cerebral palsy may be caused by bleeding within the infant’s skull. It is a medical emergency and is known as intracranial hemorrhage. It happens when an artery or vein within the skull breaks or leaks. These hemorrhages can be a result of traumatic events such as a head injury or non-traumatic events such as cerebrovascular accident or neonatal stroke. Extremely premature babies are at a higher risk of intracranial hemorrhage, and is a result of low amounts of oxygen in baby’s blood or poor blood flow to the brain. Intracranial hemorrhage can occur due to pressure on the baby’s skull when it is passing through the birth canal. It may also occur because of a birth injury caused by the doctor during delivery.
- Jaundice – It is a condition that commonly effects newborns after birth. Jaundice is caused by the buildup of bilirubin in the infant’s blood. Excessive amounts of this chemical in the infant’s body can cause the sclera of the eyes and skin to become yellowish. Jaundice is common and effects a large percentage of newborns. However, it is important to know that is not always harmless and does not always go away on its own. High bilirubin levels can cause brain damage and in turn, cerebral palsy.
- Kernicterus – It is a medical condition caused by severe jaundice that is not treated appropriately and in a timely manner. High levels of bilirubin can seep out of infant’s blood and pool inside brain tissue. The collection of bilirubin in baby’s brain can leave yellow stains on the surface. Bilirubin is toxic and can cause damage to the cells of the cerebellum. This can lead to brain damage, which can lead to other serious conditions such as hearing loss and cerebral palsy.
Contact a Chicago Cerebral Palsy Lawyer
Every parent hopes for a healthy baby at the end of pregnancy. But when that hope is dashed to pieces because your child is born disabled due to the negligence of your doctor, you want the him to be accountable and he should be.
To discuss your case, call our Chicago Cerebral Palsy Lawyer today at (312) 957-4166 or fill out our online contact form. Initially, we will listen to you and offer you guidance. We see this initial FREE consultation not only as a way for us to get to know you, but also for you to better understand who we are and what we can do, so you can feel comfortable making the decision as to which law firm to hire.